VII - IV BC
The first archaelogical findings on this hill date back to the beginning of Italian civilization. There is evidence that the Etruscans were living here about 2500 years ago.
During this period the first documents relating to the property were written thanks to the dedicated work of the Domenican Friars. After this period, Linari, was most probably a small fortress before being granted to an Order of Novice Nuns.
The Senese Pope, Pope Alessandro III rested here, finding himself on the road between Siena (about 8km from here) and Rome. Linari is close to the village of Barontoli and was therefore ideally located to accomodate foreign wayfayers.
Linari was the headquarters for a strategic event in the bitter clash between Pope Gregorio IX and Emperor Frederico II. In this year, Angelico Solaria (Senese Banker and Grandfather of the famous Cecco Angiolieri) met in this building with the messenger from the Pope to collect the Papal Taxes for the war against the Emperor.
Noble families such as Bolgherini and Bandini-Piccolomini made their homes here.
Giovanni Antonio Bazzi (known as Sodoma) painted an altar piece here, (sadly this has now been lost as with so many antiquities), he also influenced the structure of the building with architect Baldassarre Peruzzi, who brought the Villa back to life. His style is clearly visible in the airy porticoes and the use of the colour burnt sienna.
About 1735Linari changed direction and was transformed into a noble country residence.
New buildings were constructed which transformed the original shape of the buildings from an L to the present day U.
1975 to present day
From 1975 and for 10 years Enzo Bianciardi carried out important restructuring, consolidation and conservative restoration. His son Bruno, who is the proprietor together with his wife Dorota, have recently transformed one of the wings of the villa Gentilizia into an area dedicated to relaxation and well being.